October 3 is celebrated as the German Unity Day. It marks the anniversary when the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the Democratic Republic of Germany (East Germany), united to create one single, federal Germany on October 3, 1990.
In 1961, the Berlin Wall was built by the German Democratic Republic to separate West Berlin (which was occupied by Allied forces), from East Berlin (which was occupied by Soviet Union). The wall was primarily built to prevent mass defections from the East to the West. In 1989, following several weeks of civil unrest, the government in East Germany allowed free movement of people between the East and the West. On November 9, 1989, the checkpoints between the two countries were opened and people were allowed to travel freely. This date marked the “fall” of the Berlin wall. This led to further changes and free elections. The Treaty of Unification was signed by both countries’ leaders in August 1990 and finally, Germany’s unification became official on October 3, 1990.
My contribution to this week’s challenge, Boundaries, is the Berlin Wall. The actual demolition of the wall began in 1990 and was completed in 1992. Only a small part remains now, which is open to public viewing and is a stark reminder of the Cold War.